Thailand is greatly affected by climate change and its impacts. From 1955-2014, the number of rainy days in Thailand significantly decreased while daily rainfall intensity increased. Water-related disasters like floods and droughts are increasingly imposing loss and damage on lives, the economy, and the environment. In 2017, the Global Climate Risk Index ranked Thailand 10th of the countries most affected by climate change.
In response, Thailand is putting considerable effort into enhancing climate resilience in its national water resources management. Thailand’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement prioritizes the promotion of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) as a key adaptation effort to achieve water security, reduce flood and drought risks and manage extreme weather events.
To improve the national framework conditions for sustainable water management with regard to the potential of ecosystem-based solutions for preventing and reducing climate and disaster risks.
According to Thailand’s adaptation priorities, TGCP-Water supports the country’s water sector to increase climate resilience in its water resources management and to promote a climate-sensitive IWRM approach, including ecosystem-based adaptation practices, at river basin scale. TGCP-Water furthermore enhances its partners’ capacity to monitor and evaluate adaptation measures in water management and identify options to integrate and enhance climate finance in the water sector.
National Policy Development
To integrate adaptation to climate change, including ecosystem-based approaches, into national water
resources management strategies and plans, and develop other policy support measures for adaptation e.g. in the agriculture and human settlements sector.
To support an integrated water resources management approach for adaptation to climate change at the river-basin scale which includes ecosystem-based solutions.
Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV)
To set up a monitoring and reporting system on the effectiveness and efficiency of adaptation actions in the water sector as part of the national MRV/M&E.
To develop and demonstrate the public and private financing of adaptation measures as models for climate finance in the water management sector.
To synergise and share good practices with other national and international initiatives on adaptation in water management.
Office of the National Water Resources (ONWR)
Department of Water Resources (DWR)
Department of Public Works and Town and Country (DPT)
Royal Irrigation Department (RID)
MAIN WORKING APPROACHES
promotes a climate-sensitive IWRM approach that supports Thailand in reaching its national adaptation targets.
provides support and recommendations on strengthening climate resilience in water resources management at national and river basin scale, covering management, planning and implementation as well as mechanisms for adaptation financing and monitoring.
places a strong focus on supporting institutional and planning processes to strengthen the River Basin Committees (RBCs) and to develop effective River Basin Development Plans (RBDPs) based on multi-stakeholder dialogues and in line with the concept of climate-sensitive IWRM.
values and promotes multi-stakeholder dialogues, joint selection and prioritisation processes as well as awareness-raising activities as key success factors for a systematic water management approach at river basin scale.
seeks to demonstrate evidence of the benefits of utilising ecosystem-based solutions as cost-efficient and flexible options for climate change adaptation. In this way, current practices that focus on conventional grey infrastructures are complemented.
fosters nationwide outreach by developing tailor-made guidelines, manuals and curricula for governmental and non-governmental stakeholders in the water sector.
also works closely with other Thai Government agencies e.g. the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC), Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII), Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISDA), Royal Forest Department (RFD), Department of National Park, Wildlife and Fauna, and Conservation (DNP), Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM), Budget Bureau, private sector, water users, academia/ think tanks, as well as local and provincial administrative and multi-stakeholder mechanisms such as River Basin Committees (RBCs).
PROJECT AND POLICY CONTEXT
is a component of the Thai-German Climate Programme (TGCP), which is financed by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and aims to support Thailand’s transition towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient future. Besides the water component, the TGCP covers the fields of climate policy, agriculture, energy and waste.
is guided by Thailand’s Water Resources Act (as approved in December 2018), the 20-year National Water Resources Management Master Plan (2018 – 2037) as well as the country’s key climate change policies and strategies with reference to the water sector.
is in line with Thailand’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP), which also informs the Thai NDC under the Paris Agreement and sets out specific goals for the country’s water management: to increase national water security and to minimise loss and damage from water disaster.
emphasises the need to align efforts in water resources management with all relevant global agendas, namely the UNFCCC, the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), the New Urban Agenda and the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development. TGCP-Water particularly contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals 6, 11, 13 and 15.