Thai Rice NAMA (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action)
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Rice is particularly important as it is cultivated on roughly half of all agricultural land in Thailand and accounts for nearly 55% of emissions from agriculture, making it the world’s fourth-largest emitter of rice-related greenhouse gas. In irrigated rice production, flooding of paddy fields leads to significant emissions of methane, which has a global warming potential 28 times higher than carbon dioxide. The lack of incentives available to farmers is also preventing a transition to low-emission rice production practices.
To enable Thailand to be effectively transforming the Thai rice sector towards low-emission rice production
Intervention Strategy 1 – Low-Emission Rice Production Technology: The project will train farmers on how to implement mitigation technologies and sustainable best practices in rice production, as well as encourage farmers to switch practices based on the establishment of a Revolving Fund to cover startup costs for mitigation service provision. This will generate more income by applying appropriate technologies and effective management for agricultural inputs (saving water used and energy for pumping water, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.), and facilitating sale of low-emission rice to the growing market for sustainable rice.
Intervention Strategy 2 – Mitigation Technology Services: Support business development by leveraging a national green credit program for capital investment to provide mitigation technology services to farmers such as land laser leveling, alternate wetting and drying, site-specific nutrient management, and straw/stubble management.
Intervention Strategy 3 – Policy Formulation & Supporting Measures: Support project implementation, develop a model and expansion strategy, develop Sustainable Rice Practice standard based on Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) Standard, and integrate the project into the Thai government’s workplan, projects and budget at all levels.