Rice is particularly important as it is cultivated on roughly half of all agricultural land in Thailand and accounts for nearly 55% of emissions from agriculture, making it the world’s fourth-largest emitter of rice-related greenhouse gas. In irrigated rice production, flooding of paddy fields leads to significant emissions of methane, which has a global warming potential 28 times higher than carbon dioxide. The lack of incentives available to farmers is also preventing a transition to low-emission rice production practices.
To enable Thailand to effectively transform the Thai rice sector to low-emission rice production
Intervention Strategy 1 – Low-Emission Rice Production Technology: The project will train farmers in how to implement mitigation technologies and sustainable best practices in rice production, as well as encourage them to switch practices based on the establishment of a Revolving Fund to cover start-up costs for mitigation service provision. This will generate more income by applying appropriate technologies and effective management for agricultural inputs (saving water used and energy for pumping water, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.), and facilitating sale of low-emission rice to the growing market for sustainable rice.
Intervention Strategy 2 – Mitigation Technology Services: Support business development by leveraging a national green credit programme for capital investment to provide mitigation technology services to farmers such as laser land levelling, alternate wetting and drying, site-specific nutrient management, and straw/stubble management.
Intervention Strategy 3 – Policy Formulation & Supporting Measures: Support project implementation, develop a model and expansion strategy, develop a Sustainable Rice Practice standard based on the Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) Standard, and integrate the project into the Thai government’s workplan, projects and budget at all levels.
RESULTS SO FAR
Established policy decision-making process through policy advisory committee, project steering committee, and sub-national steering committee at provincial level
Organized capacity building activities on sustainable and low-carbon rice practice
Conducted seven demonstration plots on sustainable and low-carbon rice practice
Built capacity of local and central government staff related to MRV for GHG emissions in the rice sector
Developed implementation strategy and model for four basic mitigation technologies (Laser Land Levelling, Alternate Wetting and Drying, Site Specific Nutrient Management, Straw and Stubble Management) and Integrated Pest Management
Developed sustainable rice market strategy and market matching strategy
Established SRP National Chapter Thailand for working towards sustainable rice standard
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives, Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning