Thailand plays a key role in the region and in ASEAN. The country has signed the Paris Agreement and ratified it in September 2016. In the NDC, a mitigation target of 20-25% against BAU is earmarked by 2030. In the field of mitigation, the NDC prioritizes the energy, transport and waste sectors and refers to central sector plans in regards to implementation. In the adaptation field, the areas of water management, agriculture and health are defined as focal points.
At national level the implementation needs to be further planned and operationalized. At sub-national level, the capacities for strategic and prospective development planning, that takes into account climate change and NDC targets, continue to be deficient in many provinces and municipalities. In the field of monitoring, missing data is a key challenge. Moreover, there is no central instrument for financing climate protection measures.
In its NDC, Thailand is committed to ambitious mitigation targets and defines priority areas for adaptation to climate change. For a successful NDC implementation it is necessary to improve individual and institutional capacities as well as cooperation between ministries and authorities. The climate programme starts there and supports Thailand with a cross-sectoral approach, including the operationalization of the NDC and anchoring in 5 sectoral plans, the implementation of the NDCs at the sub-national level, the establishment of a MRV system, the mobilization of funds for NDC implementation and the extension of international cooperation.
As a key project with interface function of IKI, the programme ensures the cooperation between the IKI projects. By promoting NDC implementation, the programme supports the decarbonisation of the Thai economy in the long term and strengthens the adaptability of Thailand to the effects of climate change.
The programme promotes the mainstreaming of climate change policy from the Ministry of the Environment into the sectoral ministries as well as on the sub-national level. In addition, sustainability is promoted through the cooperation between national and international research institutions. During the involvement of cooperation partners, the programme relies on an integrated approach that will contribute to the sustainability of the programme. Also the standardized training courses carried out by local training centres increase the long-term impact of the programme.
In addition, the project will involve NGOs and civil society stakeholders in the planning and implementation of measures and cooperate with them in raising awareness. The project thereby benefits from the local knowledge and experience of the NGOs. Other civil society actors, in turn, can expand their knowledge of climate change and contribute to a lasting process of political change.
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Office of the Permanent Secretary
Office of Natural Resources Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP)
Division for Climate Change Management and Coordination (CCMC)
Office of the Permanent Secretary of Energy Policy and Strategy Coordination Office (PSO)
Pollution Control Department (PCD)
Department for Water Resources (DWR)
Rice Department (RD)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH