As a developing country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, Thailand has articulated ambitious national targets to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and increase resilience. In the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Thailand committed to reducing 20-25% of emissions from the energy, transport, waste and industry sectors by 2030 below business as usual. In the field of adaptation, water management, agriculture, health, natural resources management, tourism and human settlements have been defined as priority areas. To achieve the NDC, new approaches are needed.
The national framework conditions for the NDC implementation are improved. To this end, the transition toward a low-carbon and climate-resilient development is fostered.
The Thai-German Climate Programme (TGCP) follows a cross-sectoral approach and is composed of five integrated components:
Under this programmatic framework, key outputs include:
Climate change policy from the Environment Ministry is mainstreamed into sectoral ministries.
The implementation of the Thai NDC is initiated at the subnational level.
An improved MRV system in accordance with the UNFCCC requirements is established.
The institutional structures are in place for mobilising funds for sustainable NDC implementation.
Cooperation with the international community on NDC is strengthened.
The TGCP brings in expertise to build a strong institutional architecture for successful NDC implementation. Acknowledging the crucial role sector-level actors can play, the programme engages key ministries and agencies in providing support in 5 key fields of work:
National Policy Development
Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) and Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E)
2019: An analysis of the climate finance system is available for sectoral coordination.
2021: Thailand has an adequate MRV system to fulfill the UNFCCC reporting requirements.
Office of the Natural Resource and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP)
Pollution Control Department (PCD)
Department of Water Resources (DWR)
Office of the National Water Resources (ONWR)
Rice Department (RD)
Office of the Permanent Secretary of Energy
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE)
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC)
OTHER IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS
Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO)
Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE)
Royal Irrigation Department (RID)
Department of Public Works and Town and Country Planning (DPT)
Department of Local Administration (DoLA)
Total Volume 17.9 Million EUR (approx. 690 Million Baht)