Facilitating the development of ambitious transport mitigation actions (TRANSfer III)
31 May 2019 |
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Transportation does not only drive country’s economy, but also creates big impacts on social and environmental aspects. In 2013 the transport sector accounted for 19% or 61 Mt CO2 of total national greenhouse gases emissions in Thailand. Within the transport sector road transport has by far the largest share of CO2 emissions, amounting to 97% of the sector’s total. Thailand committed to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2015 to reduce 20% of its GHG emissions compared to Business As Usual (BAU) in 2030. To achieve the target for the transport sector, TRANSfer III “Facilitating the development of ambitious transport mitigation actions”, a cooperation between the German International Cooperation (GIZ) and the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy Planning (OTP) implemented from 2017-2020, aims to enhance climate-friendly mobility and support mitigation actions in the transport sector in Thailand.
Support implementation of Thailand’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Action Plan in the transport sector.
Develop measures on climate-friendly mobility to reduce traffic congestion and tackle the issue of air pollution.
In collaboration with OTP, the TRANSfer III project has started working on the programme concept and launched the design phase of the “Thailand Clean Mobility Programme”. This programme aims at reducing local air pollution, which had caused public uproar in early 2019, and contributes to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by improving public transport and rationalising private car travel. A first rough estimate suggests that the programme will reduce 2.17 MtCO2 in 2030 adopting the following approaches:
Developing measure(s) on Travel Demand Management (TDM) to control numbers of vehicles on the road.
Providing technical support for the improvement of public bus technology to tackle air pollution.
Supporting the process of public transport fund development to improve the service quality of public buses.