Facilitating the development of ambitious transport mitigation actions (TRANSfer III)
UPDATED on 18 June 2022
The Thai Government has pledged a 20% reduction in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions by 2030 of which one-third is attributed to the transport sector. Due to rapidly increasing GHG emissions from transport, the dramatic rise in air pollution in Thai cities and losses in productivity from congestion, the project is supporting the Thai Government in the creation of the Thai Clean Mobility Programme (TCMP).
The objective is to design the Thai Clean Mobility Programme (TCMP), a national programme that supports city administrations in their efforts to plan and implement Sustainable Urban Transport Projects, thereby reducing GHG emissions and air pollution stemming from transport in Thai cities.
Work package 1: Studying a Congestion Charging Scheme for Bangkok
Work package 2: Support to the bus sector reform and fleet modernisation in Bangkok
Work package 3: Setting up of a National Sustainable Urban Transport (SUT) Fund to finance SUT projects in further Thai cities
In order to design the programme, the Thai Government has established three inter-ministerial working groups for each of the programme’s pillars to work jointly on the detailed scheme design:
Bus sector reform and modernisation, and
Clean Transport Fund establishment.
GIZ supports the working groups with knowledge transfer and background studies.
RESULTS SO FAR
Congestion Charging pre-feasibility study:
The pre-feasibility study of the programme for Bangkok shows significant potential to reduce traffic congestion in the city, which could help to lower emissions from cars in high-density areas of investigated scenarios by between 3% and 36%. Also changes in network speeds within the study area range from 3% to 13%. The use of public transportation modes would increase from 3% to 25%.
A study tour with the working group for the low-emission zone and Congestion Charging implementation in Berlin, Germany and London has provided real-life examples of congestion charge implementation, enhancing peer-to peer exchange and learning.
Targeted videos featuring Congestion Charging implementation potential for Bangkok will help to convey the positive impacts of the scheme and serve the purpose of communication and education to the broader public as well as policymakers.
Sustainable Transport Fund establishment:
A study exploring the potential of Clean Mobility Fund (CMF) establishment for the TCMP was concluded in December 2020. According to the CMF approach, revenue collected from Congestion Charging can be allocated towards the improvement of sustainable transportation modes e.g., public bus modernisation, fare subsidy and non-motorised transport development.
Bus sector reform and modernisation:
A analysis exploring public transportation electrification is focusing on the identification of financial schemes and policy/regulatory framework recommendations to support EV transformation within public bus, mini-van, and motorcycle taxi fleets.
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV)
Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP)