In 2020, Thailand ranked as Southeast Asia’s third-largest CO2 emitter and was ninth globally in terms of the 2000-2019 Long-Term Climate Risk Index. Despite achieving a 15.4% reduction in emissions from the expected business-as-usual scenario in 2020, significant challenges remain in achieving the 2050 Carbon Neutrality and 2065 Net Zero Greenhouse Gas Emission pledges, due to capacity and data gaps in key sectors.
The country’s vulnerability is exacerbated by its 3,100 kilometres of densely populated shorelines, exposing it to threats such as storm surges, coastal erosion, and rising sea levels. These climate vulnerabilities, coupled with resource exploitation, pose substantial risks to marine and coastal ecosystems, jeopardising biodiversity and the vital marine and coastal tourism sector, which constituted 46% of the country’s total tourism revenue in 2019, whereas revenue from tourism made up about 12% of Thailand’s GDP.
The Thai government has taken proactive steps to address global climate and biodiversity challenges, by committing to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2065, as well as endorsing the Global Biodiversity Framework and the 30×30 High Ambition Coalition targets., The Climate, Coastal, and Marine Biodiversity (CCMB) project actively supports Thailand’s endeavours.
To support Thailand to make significant progress along a climate-resilient and low greenhouse gas emission development pathway, as well as effectively safeguarding national marine and coastal biodiversity for the sustainability of tourism and coastal community livelihoods in the context of the sustainable Green Economy. CCMB’s primary focus is on climate policy, climate finance, marine and coastal biodiversity protection and sustainable tourism in Thailand. The project applies various area-based instruments, including Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECMs), and Ecologically and Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs).
To facilitate Thailand’s transition toward decarbonisation, climate resilience, and nature-positive development, the following work streams are highlighted:
Enhancing and mainstreaming climate and biodiversity policies
Increasing data, monitoring and evaluation capacities and awareness
Improving vertical integration and synergy of area-based climate and biodiversity actions
The CCMB project employs the following key approaches to fulfil its objectives:
CAPACITY BUILDING – Enhancing capabilities, expertise, in-depth knowledge and awareness of the main partners and relevant stakeholders to develop policies, plans and guidelines to drive forward and monitor the progress of climate and biodiversity actions in Thailand
COLLABORATING – Supporting inter-agency collaboration to coherently implement climate and biodiversity actions, enhance synergies across key sectors, and encourage collaboration among national and international experts
MAINSTREAMING – Assisting in the mainstreaming of climate and biodiversity objectives into sectoral policies and policy instruments, particularly marine and coastal resource management and sustainable tourism
BRIDGING Promoting dialogues among international and national partners as well as supporting the creation of platforms that bridge the interests of relevant stakeholders to ensure sustained collaborative actions and scaling up
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action of Germany (BMWK)
MODE OF COOPERATION
Thai – German Bilateral Cooperation
Department of Climate Change and Environment (CCE)
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP)