The transport sector has the second highest share of total final energy consumption in the ASEAN region. With 310 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, transport in ASEAN is a significant contributor to global CO2 emissions. Congestion, road safety and air pollution – responsible for 7 million premature deaths globally – are among the key issues related to transport. Sustainable transport must not only focus on passenger cars, but also consider freight vehicles and motorcycles as well.
There are large synergies between local and global sustainability, particularly when local pollutants such as black carbon – the 2nd largest contributor to climate change after CO2 – are considered. However, the good news is that there are multiple options and a vast potential to increase energy efficiency and to reduce emissions in the land transport sector. In light of this, ASEAN’s Kuala Lumpur Transport Strategic Plan (KLTSP) 2016-2025 includes sustainable transport actions in general, the issues of green freight and energy efficiency, which were designed to help reduce transport’s environmental footprint.
To improve the conditions for the implementation of measures to increase energy efficiency and reduce climate relevant emissions from the land transport sector in the ASEAN region at the regional and national level.
The project follows a multi-level approach:
At the ASEAN level, the project advises and supports the implementation of the KLTSP and works closely with relevant ASEAN working groups such as the Land Transport Working Group (LTWG) and the Transport Facilitation Working Group (TFWG). On a national level, the project supports respective ministries of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam to link their national strategies and action plans for energy efficiency and climate protection in transport to the KLTSP and support implementation measures thereof. Therefore, expert working groups on fuel efficiency and sustainable transport indicators are established and meet regularly.
The approach consists of topical pillars on Fuel Efficiency Policies and Measures; a related pillar on Two- and Three-Wheelers including electrification; and a pillar on Green Freight & Logistics as well as data collection, indicators development, training and capacity building, and Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) in order to improve and strengthen capacities and knowledge in the region, among other tools.
Data, Indicators, and MRV
Measuring and reporting based on sound indicators and data is a main challenge in the implementation of sustainable transportation in the ASEAN region and also key for the monitoring of transport sector performance. Against this background, the KLTSP has called for the development of the monitoring framework and harmonised approach for indicators on energy and GHG emissions in the transport sector.
The project supports the development of regional sustainable transport indicators and guidelines to facilitate the compilation of transport data in order to assess the performance of transportation systems. Regional workshops are organised for knowledge exchange and learning.
Training and Capacity Building
Training to strengthen the capacities and knowledge in the region is a key for the successful implementation of the project. The trainings focus on building a course in the field of data, indicators, and MRV. Further, trainings on Fuel efficiency and Green Freight & Logistics are regularly offered to our counterparts and will also be made available once the project has ended.