Bangkok, Thailand, 31 January, The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning, together with GIZ Thailand, organised a Debriefing on the Outcomes of the COP24.
Three years after the adoption of the Paris Agreement, parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have adopted yet another historic deal: the Paris Agreement rulebook. This is a set of rules that will bring to life the Paris aspirations.
Outcomes of the UN Climate Conference
After tense negotiations at the COP24, delegations finally achieved agreements on the adoption of “Modalities, Procedures and Guidelines to Implement the Paris Agreement under the UNFCCC”. These are a set of rules that will make the Paris Agreement operative in the post-2020 period.
The approval of this rulebook lies at the core of the Paris Agreement accord. It defines how compliance should be measured and reported in a transparent manner.
As of 2020, the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), national targets under which countries pledge to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, shall be reported every five years. Governments will also submit a transparency report every two years.
To assess collective progress toward the Paris aspirations, enhance its implementation and scale up ambition, a Global Stocktake (GST) mechanism is to take place every five years, starting from 2023 onwards.
Progress on climate finance was also made, with developed nations pledging additional funds for the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Currently the world’s largest climate fund, the GCF promotes a paradigm shift towards low-emission and climate-resilient development and supports developing nations to respond to the challenge of climate change.
What is next for Thailand?
Under the Paris Agreement, Thailand has articulated ambitious climate targets: to significantly reduce CO2 emissions from the energy, transport, waste and industry sectors and improve its ability to adapt to the impacts of climate change.
Now and until 2020, Thailand will have to update its climate plans and build a strong institutional architecture for successful NDC implementation. This includes, among other pressing tasks, developing a measuring, reporting and verifying system (MRV system) to track climate data and setting up a structure for mobilising funds for work on climate change issues.
Mr. Anuson Chinvanno, Deputy Secretary-General to the Prime Minister for Political Affairs and Senior Expert, National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) delivered a keynote speech on “COP 24: Global Trend and Sustainable Development”.
The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) as Thailand’s focal point to the UNFCCC, is working on translating the relevant modalities, procedures and guidelines adopted at COP24 into comprehensive guidelines that are appropriate to Thailand’s context and in line with the international agreement. The work plan to develop Thailand’s guidelines will involve serious consultations between stakeholder agencies in key domestic climate change sectors.
The Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP24), the 14th Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 14) and the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1), are global conferences under the premise of the United Nations (UN). Held once a year, these UN climate conferences provide platforms for diplomats, lawyers, scientists, climate change activists, and environmentalists to come together and agree on measures to lessen the impacts in the face of the changing climate.
ONEP, along with concerned agencies, attended the two-week conference from 30 November to 15 December 2018 in Poland. The host for the next COP is Chile, with Costa Rica organising the pre-COP.
GIZ is working closely with ONEP in modernising climate policy in Thailand’s priority sectors, developing strategies to embed climate policies, and building the capacity among the relevant ministries and their central agencies. On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), through the International Climate Initiative, part of the support includes national policy development, sub-national implementation, advice on MRV, climate finance, and international cooperation. The Thai-German Climate Programme supports Thailand to achieve the climate roadmaps.