Global warming affects all sectors especially the agriculture sector. The time has therefore come for the Thai government to put into place more precise and verifiable field measurements to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from rice farming.
In this context, a training session on measuring greenhouse gas emission from paddy fields was organised for the first time in Prachin Buri province, central Thailand, by the Rice Department in collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, on the setting up of a high-quality greenhouse gas emission database.
Researchers from the local rice research centres and rice seed centres in Chainat, Angthong, Pathumthani, Singburi, Ayutthaya and Suphanburi provinces were trained to analyse and collect greenhouse gases from the paddy field. This will contribute to Thailand’s plan to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture in the future. In December 2016, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha pledged to reduce emissions by at least 11 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalents at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris.
The training was held at Prachin Buri Rice Research Centre between 25 and 27 March 2019 with the aim of enhancing understanding of greenhouse gas measurement methodology and the logistics of operation and reporting among the Rice Department’s researchers and the team that will oversee the data collection at the Rice Department.
Local teams of Rice Department researchers will collect and analyse gas content from paddy fields and send the data to headquarter, which works closely with the Office of Agricultural Economics and the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning, the country’s main agencies responsible for monitoring implementation of climate change policy in the agricultural sector.
As part of the overall plan, the researchers will be trained to collect samples from gas collecting chambers in rice field, analyse gas concentration using a chromatograph and evaluate greenhouse gas emissions from the collected samples. Future training sessions will focus on the correct handling of gas chromatographs, the sensitive scientific equipment needed for analysing gas emissions.
The Thai-German Climate Programme (TGCP) – Agriculture project embarked on its journey to counter climate change in 2018 and is supporting Thai agencies in developing a national Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system for the rice sector that meets international standards.