Thailand Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (RAC NAMA)
13 July 2016 |
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UPDATED on 28 March 2017
The energy demand in the cooling sector in Thailand is rising. Already today, refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) technologies use an estimated 50% of the electricity consumed in Thailand and it is projected that, without intervention, this demand will triple by 2030. The strong demand for cooling during hot periods causes continuing energy demand peaks that are challenging for energy suppliers. With its high energy consumption and direct emissions related to the use of refrigerants with a high global warming potential (GWP), the cooling sector has a large impact on Thailand’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Reducing emissions from the cooling sector will be key for reaching Thailand’s ambitious GHG mitigation targets.
At the same time, Thailand is an important industry hub in the cooling sector for both national and international companies. To be competitive, companies need to be able to adjust to the changing requirements, among others triggered by international agreements. Consequently, their challenge will be to produce highly energy-efficient and climate-friendly technologies.
To support Thailand in reaching its energy saving and climate target through climate friendly and energy efficient cooling technologies and strengthening the industry in staying competitive and bring international climate finance to the country.
Cooling products in the Thai market range widely in energy efficiency and climate-friendliness. Products with low GWP refrigerants have already been introduced in the domestic and commercial refrigerator sectors, whereas they have not in the air-conditioning sector. On the demand side, the project aims to increase the energy efficiency as well as the climate friendliness of cooling products in two approaches:
The project aims to direct demand towards more energy efficient products. It will do so by demonstrating best practices of Energy Performance Standards, labels, and other incentive schemes. The project will further work with commercial end-users, such as supermarket chains and hotels, to develop projects that reduce energy consumption in the RAC sector.
In the sectors where low GWP technologies already exist in the Thai market, the project aims to increase the demand for such products. It will do so by setting up a financial incentive scheme that increases its attractiveness for consumers in Thailand.
Supported by the negotiations under the Montreal Protocol, the trend in the cooling sector is moving towards the use of climate-friendly refrigerants. This however creates challenges for safety: climate-friendly refrigerants come along with a certain degree of flammability. Therefore, it is significant for Thailand to prepare for foreseeable technology changes in the future. On the supply side, the project’s approaches include:
Preparing Thailand for the use of natural refrigerants in the RAC sector. It will do so by offering support to the responsible ministries and agencies in Thailand to define safety standards and related code of practices in line with international best practices.
Training servicing staff and technicians in the sector to prepare for different safety challenges.
Supporting producers in bringing new climate-friendly and energy efficient cooling products that comply with regulations in Thailand into the market.
Producers will receive technical support in the product design. They will also be assisted with financial support for investment in the set-up of production lines. In doing so, the project will help companies to address technology trends and thus will increase the competitiveness of the RAC sector in Thailand.