Photo (from left): 1. Mr.Sarawut Songsivilai, Director General of the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP), 2. Ms.Carolin Capone, Director – Sustainable Transport Thailand and ASEAN (GIZ), 3. Mr. Jan Scheer, Minister and Deputy Head of Mission, the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, 4. Mr. Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Minister of Transport, 5. Mr.Tim Mahler, GIZ Country Director Thailand and Malaysia and, 6. Mr. Chayatan Phromsorn, Deputy Director General of OTP
Bangkok, 21 January 2019– The Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH jointly organised the closing ceremony of the “Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Mitigation for the Land Transport Sector in the ASEAN Region” project to report the successes and lessons learned from the implementation of vehicle fuel consumption reduction efforts and reducing pollution emissions across the transportation sector.
Thailand has been implementing fuel efficiency policies such as the eco-sticker and CO2based excise tax for motor vehicles since 1 January 2016. The project has pushed for the improvement of these policiesby studying the Fuel Efficiency Policies in the Land Transport Sector in Thailand and has found thatthese improved policies have helpedencourage automakers to produce new cars that help save energywith a resulting average reduction in oil consumption from 7.08 liters per 100 km in 2015 to 6.75 liters per 100 km in 2017 for all new cars sold.
In his keynote address, the Minister of Transport, Mr. Arkhom Termpittayapaisithsaid: “The use of energy in the transportation sector, in addition to affecting the economy, society and environmental issues, such as PM2.5, also affects climate change. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions varies with energy consumption. The more energy used, the greater the amount of carbon dioxide released. However, carbon dioxide cannot decompose like PM2.5, the tiny atmospheric aerosol particles that are removed by rain and the monsoon. Therefore, the use of energy and carbon dioxide emissions from the transportation sector, which is as high as 61 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) and accounts for 19.2 per cent of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Thailand, is an important issue and once to which great attention must be paid because it affects global warming and climate change in the long term.”
Ms. Carolin Capone, the Project Director of the Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Mitigation for the Land Transport Sector in the ASEAN Region (GIZ)said: “It is interesting to see that Thailand has very advanced sustainable transport policies when compared to other countries. One example is the fuel efficiency policies such as the eco-sticker and CO2based excise tax for motor vehicles. The project has pushed for the improvement of these policies, resulting in a reduction in oil consumption for every new car sold. Atthis pace, Thailand would achieve a total reduction of CO2emissions of 4.2 million tonnes in 2030. However, with some reasonable adjustments to the CO2based excise tax (e.g. including motorcycles and tightening the emission levels) and transforming the annual car tax also to a CO2based system, Thailand could more than double the impact of its policies and reduce an additional 4.75 million tonnes CO2equivalent in 2030. With these measures alone, Thailand can achieve 29per centof its international Greenhouse Gas (GHG) reduction commitment in the transport sector committed in the 21th UN Climate Change Conference (COP 21) target. Although the project has now come to an end, the cooperation between Thailand and Germany will continue. Starting from 2019, we will focus our work more on Sustainable Urban Transport, fighting congestion, air pollution and making lives in the cities more livable by solving urban transportation problems especially in Bangkok and in the rapidly growing second-tier cities.”